Çocuğu Yoğun Bakımdan Taburcu Edilen Ebeveynlerin Evde Bakımda Yaşadıkları Güçlüklerin Belirlenmesi
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    P: 97-106
    Ağustos 2024

    Çocuğu Yoğun Bakımdan Taburcu Edilen Ebeveynlerin Evde Bakımda Yaşadıkları Güçlüklerin Belirlenmesi

    J Pediatr Emerg Intensive Care Med 2024;11(2):97-106
    Bilgi mevcut değil.
    Bilgi mevcut değil
    Alındığı Tarih: 17.01.2024
    Kabul Tarihi: 20.03.2024
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    Öz

    Giriş

    Bu çalışma, çocuğu yoğun bakımdan taburcu edilen ebeveynlerin evde bakımda yaşadıkları güçlükleri belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır.

    Yöntemler

    Ebeveynlerin yaşadığı güçlüklerin belirlenmesinde fenomonolojik kalitatif yöntem kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın örneklemini dahil edilme ölçütlerine uyan, çocuğu evde bakım gereksinimi olan ebeveynler (n=22) oluşturmuştur. Veriler, Colaizzi’nin yedi aşamalı yöntemi doğrultusunda MAXQDA nitel veri analiz programında analiz edilmiştir.

    Bulgular

    Çalışma grubundaki çocukların; ortalama yaşının 85,63±58,40 ay olduğu, %56,7’sinin erkek ve %40’ının nörolojik hastalık tanısı ile takip edildiği saptanmıştır. Yoğun bakımdan taburcu edilen çocukların tamamının trakeostomisi olduğu, %95,4’ünün ev tipi mekanik ventilatör kullandığı ve %95,3’ünün enteral yolla beslendiği belirlenmiştir. Ebeveynlerin görüşmelerinden elde edilen veriler doğrultusunda; taburculuğa ilişkin duygular, fiziki koşullar, aile ilişkisi, sosyal ilişki, fiziksel bakımda zorluk, destek sistemlerinde yetersizlik ve ekonomik güçlük olmak üzere yedi tema elde edilmiştir.

    Sonuç

    Yoğun bakımdan taburcu edilen tıbbi teknolojiye bağımlı çocuklar evde bakım hizmetleri ekiplerinden yeterince destek almamaktadır. Bu hastaların evde bakımları ailelere tarafından yapılmaktadır. 

    Anahtar Kelimeler: Evde bakım, çocuk, yoğun bakım

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